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ACE inhibitors Side Effect Mnemonic – Best Medical Mnemonics

ACE inhibitors:

ACE inhibitors (eg, captopril, enalapril, lisinopril) treats high blood pressure and congestive heart failure (CHF). A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. This medicine is also used to increase survival after a heart attack, and it is used to treat kidney problems caused by diabetes.

Mechanism of action of ACE inhibitors:

ACE Inhibitors, inhibit angiotensin converting enzyme “ACE”, reducing levels of angiotensin II and preventing inactivation of bradykinin which is  a potent vasodilator and also inhibiting synthesis of Aldosterone from the adrenal glad. All this results in decreasing blood pressure. Renin release is Increased due to loss of feedback inhibition.

 

ACE inhibitors side effects Mnemonic – Medical Institution

 

Clinical uses of ACE inhibitors:

 

Toxicity of ACE inhibitors:

NOTE: Losartan, is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. It is not an ACE inhibitor and does not cause cough, thereofor it can be used in patients on ACE inhibitors who develop cough and angioedema as an alternative.

CLICK on the image below to learn more about Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone system (RAAS)

Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone System (RAAS) Video Tutorial
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