Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Mnemonic

Acute Respiratory Distress syndrome (ARDS):

Common causes of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome mnemonic

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is respiratory failure from a systemic disease or an overwhelming lung injury which leads to severe hypoxia. ARDS  causes Diffuse alveolar damage that causes an increase in alveolar capillary permeability which results in leakage of protein rich fluid into alveoli, forming intra-alveolar hyaline membrane.


ARDS is idiopathic. A large number of illnesses and injuries are associated with ARDS and they include:


Diagnostic Tests for ARDS:

ARDS is defined as having a pO2/FIO2 ratio under 300.


Lab tests

Heart tests

Because the signs and symptoms of ARDS are similar to those of certain heart problems, your doctor may recommend heart tests such as:



Treatments and drugs

The first goal in treating ARDS is to improve the levels of oxygen in your blood. Without oxygen, your organs can’t function properly.

Mechanical Ventilation


Patients with ARDS usually are given medication to:




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