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Myocardial Infarction Treatment Mnemonic

Myocardial Infarction Immediate Treatment – Mnemonic:

Myocardial infarction or acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the medical term for an incident commonly known as a heart attack. Myocardial infarction happens when blood supply to the hear stops flowing properly to part of the heart and since the oxygen supply to that part of the heart is now insufficient, it leads to heart muscle injury. This is usually because of one of the coronary arteries that supplies blood to the heart develops a blockage due to an unstable buildup of white blood cells, cholesterol and fat. The event occurs suddenly, hence the term “acute”.

Signs and Symptoms:
Risk Factors:
Diagnosis:


Treatment:

Acutely give:

Prevention:

The risk of a recurrent myocardial infarction decreases with strict blood pressure management and lifestyle changes, mainly smoking cessation, regular exercise, a sensible diet for those with heart disease, and limitation of alcohol intake. People are usually commenced on several long-term medications post-MI, with the aim of preventing secondary cardiovascular events such as further myocardial infarctions, congestive heart failure or cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Unless contraindicated, such medications may include:

References:
-Step-Up to USMLE Step 2 CK, 3e (Step-Up Series)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myocardial_infarction

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